July 26 is National New York Day. It honors the day in which New York officially became a state.
On July 26, 1788, New York ratified the new U.S. Constitution and became the 11th state to join the Union.
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With more than 19 million residents in 2019, it is the fourth-most-populous state. To distinguish it from New York City, which is the largest city in the state, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.
The history of New York begins around 10,000 B.C. when the first people arrived. By 1100 A.D. two main cultures had become dominant as the Iroquoian and Algonquian developed. European discovery of New York was led by the Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524 followed by the first land claim in 1609 by the Dutch.
As part of New Netherland, the colony was important in the fur trade and eventually became an agricultural resource thanks to the patroon system. In 1626 the Dutch bought the island of Manhattan from Native Americans. In 1664, England renamed the colony, New York, after the Duke of York and Albany, brother of King Charles II. New York City gained prominence in the 18th century as a major trading port in the Thirteen Colonies.
The 27th largest U.S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest.
- Nickname: The Empire State.
- Statehood: 1788; 11th state.
- Population (as of July 2015): 19,795,791.
- Capital: Albany.
- Biggest City: New York.
- Abbreviation: NY.
- State bird: bluebird.
- State flower: rose.