World Day Of Social Justice
Every year on February 20th, the World Day of Social Justice promotes the importance of fair and just relations between the individual and society. The day also tackles issues such as poverty, exclusion, gender equality, human rights, and social protections.
Social justice has become a popular idea in recent years. However, the idea of it goes back to the time of Saint Augustine of Hippo, a fourth-century philosopher. A Jesuit priest named Luigi Taparelli coined the phrase “social justice.” Taparelli was a Catholic scholar who lived from 1793 to 1882. The term social justice spread during the revolutions of 1848. This was a time of political upheavals in Europe.
In the United States, social justice became an issue during the Industrial Revolution. As the country prospered, the stark differences between the rich and the poor became increasingly obvious. Unfortunately, these stark differences still exist throughout the world.
Throughout the years, proponents have broken social justice down into five principles:
- The dignity of the human being – ensuring all humans have basic necessities and rights.
- The primacy of the common good – making choices that benefit everyone.
- Reciprocal rights and responsibilities – the right to have a conscience and the responsibility to be kind to others.
- The dignity of work and rights for workers – all people have the right to work safely.
- Fundamental option for the poor and the vulnerable – ensuring that the marginalized in society are looked after.
The pursuit of social justice for all is at the heart of the United Nation’s global mission to promote development and human dignity. The UN’s Declaration of Social Justice for a Fair Globalization focuses on fair outcomes through employment, social protection, and rights at work.
World Day Of Social Justice History
On November 26, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared that February 20th was to be celebrated annually as the World Day of Social Justice.
Recent themes have included:
- 2020 – Closing the Inequalities Gap to Achieve Social Justice
- 2019 – If You Want Peace and Development, Work for Social Justice
- 2018 – Workers on the Move: the Quest for Social Justice
- 2017: Preventing Conflict and Sustaining Peace through Decent Work