Every year the world continues to get more and more crowded. While we’ve a tendency to pack ourselves into massive cities, and there are presently still long open stretches of countryside, every year that gets whittled away at more and more.
The power and food needs of the world continue to place a greater and greater strain on our ability to meet them, and resources, in general, are becoming harder and harder to come by.
World Population Day comes along each year to remind us that our present rate of population growth is unsustainable, and the present social and logistical issues we are experiencing to meet the demand of that population will only get worse if we don’t do something.
Learn about World Population Day
World Population Day was established by the United Nations Development Programme. The reason for its creation was to increase awareness regarding global population issues. The purpose of the day is to increase the awareness that people have about a number of different population issues, including the importance of human rights, maternal health, poverty, gender equality, and family planning.
The issue with overpopulation
In order to understand why World Population Day is so important, you need to understand what human overpopulation is and why it is a vital issue. Human overpopulation is when there are too many people for the environment to sustain with breathable air, drinkable water, food, and so on.
There are a number of different reasons why overpopulation can occur. Of course, the most obvious is an increase in the number of births. However, there are also other reasons as well, including depletion of resources, an increase in immigration, and a decline in mortality rates.
Those who advocate moderating the population cite a number of different potential problems in order to argue for population decline. This includes the risk of mass starvation, impact on the quality of life, imminent or potential ecological collapse, global warming, and exceeding the carrying capacity of the Earth.
Some facts about the population
- Life expectancy is growing all of the time. In 2000, 67-years-old was the worldwide life expectancy rate. In 2015, this number increased to 71-years-old. It is then predicted that by the time we get to 2050, the life expectancy age will be 77-years-old. We are also seeing less variation across the world in terms of this rate.
- The world’s population is growing at a rapid pace. Of course, this is where this day stems from. At the moment, the world’s population is growing by approximately 83 million people per year.
- Fertility has dropped all over the world. Despite the fact that population rates are growing, you may be surprised to learn that the worldwide birth rate has actually fallen since the 1960s.
History of World Population Day
In 1987 there was an event called “Five Billion Day”, which recognized when the human population boiled over the 5 billion mark. Since then the United Nations Development Programme has been working to anticipate, support, and offset the needs of a rapidly growing population.
The population had been deemed to be growing out of control, and awareness was being spread about the need for family planning, ways to offset poverty, and the ability to ensure that proper maternal health was observed.
The existing strain of supporting our present population is already causing grievous crimes in the areas of human rights and gender equality. As more people come into a world that’s already doing a poor job of taking care of its citizens, there are more and more of them coming vulnerable to human rights violations such as human trafficking and child labor.
World Population Day reminds us that we are part of an ever-growing world and that to ensure there’s a great future ahead for any of us, there has to be a great future for all of us.
BY THE NUMBERS
7.8 billion – the current population of the world.
1,442,857,138 – the highest population rate of a country in the world — China.
1,388,712,570 – the second-highest population rate of a country in the world — India.
5 million – the estimated population of the world at the dawn of agriculture in 8000 B.C.
1800 – the year when the world population hit one billion.
200 – the projected number of years it will take for the population to double again.
2057 – the year The United Nations projects the world population to reach 10 billion.
31% – the percentage of the world population who are Christians.
23% – the percentage of the world population who are Muslims.
90 billion tons – the number of resources extracted from Earth every year.
The rate at which population grows
The world population increases by about 83 million people every year.
A change in pattern
The population in Africa is growing, whereas the European population is shrinking.
Monaco has the most dense population in the world
While it is the second smallest independent state in the world, its population is a staggering 39,500, which is about 68,212 people per square mile.
Life expectancy is unexpectedly increasing
In 2000, the average global life expectancy was 67 years old. Fast forward 20 years, and it increased to 72.
Millennials make up 27% of the world’s population.
About two billion people all over the world are part of this generation.
WORLD POPULATION DAY DATES